WIRE Net @ greatlakeswetlands.ca

Published Papers

Thomasen, S. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2011 Detecting changes in ecosystem quality following long-term restoration efforts in Cootes Paradise Marsh. Ecological Indicators.

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Cvetkovic, M. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2011 Use of ecological indicators to assess the quality of Great Lakes coastal wetlands. Ecological Indicators 11: 1609-1622.

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DeCatanzaro, R. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2011 Effects of landscape variables and season on reference water chemistry of coastal marshes in eastern Georgian Bay. Can. J. Fish Aquat. Sci. 68: 1038-1050.

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Smith-Cartwright, L. A. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2011 Application of the index of marsh bird community integrity to coastal wetlands of Georgian Bay and Lake Ontario, Canada. Ecological Indicators.  11: 1482-1486.

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Seilheimer, T.S., Wei, A. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2011 Changes in fish communities of Lake Ontario coastal wetlands before and after Remedial Action Plans. ISRN Ecology, vol. 2011, Article ID 820529, 11 pages, 2011. doi:10.5402/2011/820529

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Rokitnicki-Wojcik, D., Wei, A. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2011 Transferability of object-based rule sets for mapping coastal high marsh habitat among different regions in Georgian Bay, Canada. Wetlands Ecol Manage. 19: 223-236. DOI 10.1007/s11273-011-9213-7

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Midwood, J. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2010 Regional approach to map floating and emergent aquatic vegetation in coastal wetlands of eastern Georgian Bay, Lake Huron, Canada. Wetlands. 30:1141–1152

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Smith, L.A. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2010 Implications of the species-area relationship on sampling effort and conservation priorities of wetland birds in southern Ontario. Wetlands. 30: 553–56

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Smith, L. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2010 Impact of adjacent land use and isolation on marsh bird communities. Environmental Management. 45: 1040-1051.

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DeCatanzaro, R. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2010 Relationship of road density and marsh condition to turtle assemblage characteristics in the Laurentian Great Lakes. J. Great Lakes Research. 36: 357-365.

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Cvetkovic, M., Wei, A. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2010 Relative importance of macrophyte community versus water-quality variables for predicting fish assemblages in coastal wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes. J. Great Lakes Research. 36: 647-73

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Chow-Fraser, P. 2009 Coastal wetlands of Fathom Five National Marine Park: Biodiversity Values and Threats. In: Parker, S.R., Liipere, S. and Nelson, J. Ed. Sources of Knowledge Forum: Sharing perspectives on the natural and cultural heritage of the Bruce Peninsula. Source of Knowledge Forum, Tobermory, ON, Canada p. 12-19

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DeCatanzaro, R., Cvetkovic, M. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2009 The relative importance of road density and physical watershed features in determining coastal marsh water quality in Georgian Bay. Environmental Management 44: 456-467.

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Croft, M. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2009 Non-random sampling and its role in habitat conservation: a comparison of three wetland macrophyte sampling protocols Biodiversity and Conservation 18: 2283-2306

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Seilheimer, T. Mahoney, T. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2009 Comparative study of ecological indices for assessing human-induced disturbance in coastal wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes Ecological Indicators. 9: 81-91

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Yantsis, S., Chow-Fraser, P. Li, H.O., Chang, J.S., Terui, S., Watanabe, K. and Itoh, M. 2008 Zooplankton Mortality in Lake Water Treated by Pulsed Arc Electrohydraulic Discharge Plasma. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Non-Thermal Plasma Technology for Pollution Control and Sustainable Energy Development, ISNTPT-6, Taiwan.

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Rokitnicki-Wojcik, D. 2009 Use of Remote Sensing and GIS for Wetland Monitoring and Assessment M.Sc. Thesis for The Department of Biology, McMaster University.

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Croft, M. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2009 Non-random sampling and its role in habitat conservation: a comparison of three wetland macrophyte sampling protocols. Biodiversity and Conservation. Published on line February 2009.

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Mary Muter. 2009 Down the Drain- Georgian Baykeeper battles to save the Middle Lakes. Waterkeeper Magazine. Winter 2009. 5(3), 32-36.

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Seilheimer, T. Mahoney, T. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2009 Comparative study of ecological indices for assessing human-induced disturbance in coastal wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes. Ecological Indicators. 9: 81-91

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Cvetkovic, M. 2008 Factors Affecting Macrophyte and Fish Distribution in Coastal Wetlands of Georgian Bay M.Sc. Thesis for The Department of Biology, McMaster University.

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Chow-Fraser, P. 2008 Wetlands Status and Trends - for Coastal Wetlands

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Wei, A. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2008 Testing the transferability of a marsh-inundation model across two landscapes. Hydrobiologia. 600: 41-47

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Wei, A. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2007 Use of IKONOS imagery to map coastal wetlands of Georgian Bay. Fisheries 32: 167-173.

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Croft, M. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2007 Development of the Wetland Macrophyte Index to detect degree of water-quality impairment in Great Lakes coastal marshes. J. Great Lakes Res. 33 (Special Issue 3): 172-197.

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Seilheimer, T.S. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2007 Application of the Wetland Fish Index to northern Great Lakes marshes with an emphasis on Georgian Bay coastal wetlands. J. Great Lakes Res. 33 (Special Issue 3): 154-171.

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Croft, M.V. 2007 Aids of the conservation of Great Lakes coastal marshes: development of a macrophyte index and a novel macrophyte sampling protocol. M.Sc. Thesis for The Department of Biology, McMaster University.

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Johannsson, O.E., Charlton, M., Chow-Fraser, P., Dermott, R.M., Howell, E.T., Makarewicz, C., Millard, E.S., Mills, E.L., and Richardson, V. 2007 Productivity and Limnology. A copy. 1-22.

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Wei, A. 2007 Forcasting the response of coastal wetlands to declining water levels and environmental disturbances in the Great Lakes. Ph.D. Thesis for The Department of Biology, McMaster University

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Seilheimer, T. S., Wei, A., Chow-Fraser, P., Eyles, N. 2007 Impact of urbanization on the water quality, fish habitat, and fish community of a Lake Ontario marsh, Frenchman's Bay. Urban Ecosystems

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Seilheimer, T. S. 2006 Development and use of fish-based indicators of wetland quality for Great Lakes coastal wetlands. Ph.D. Thesis for The Department of Biology, McMaster University.

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Kostuk, K. 2006 Great Lakes coastal wetlands monitoring and assessment techniques. M.Sc. Thesis for The Department of Biology, McMaster University.

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Gillis, P., Wood, C.M., Ranville, J.F., Ross, P.E. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2006 Bioavailability of sediment-associated Cu and Zn to D. magna. Aquat. Toxicol. 77: 402-411.

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Chow-Fraser, P., Kostuk, K., Seilheimer T., Weimer, M., MacDougall, T., and Theysmeyer, T. 2006 Effects of wetland quality on sampling bias associated with two fish survey methods for coastal wetlands of the lower Great Lakes. In Simon, T.P. And Stewart, P.M. (eds) “Coastal wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes: health, habitat and indicators” Chapter 10. Indiana Biological Survey, Bloomington, Indiana. 233-256.

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Wei, A., Chow-Fraser, P. 2006 Synergistic impact of water level fluctuation and invasion of Glyceria on Typha in a freshwater marsh of Lake Ontario Aquatic Botany 84: 63-69

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Seilheimer, T., Chow-Fraser, P. 2006 Development and validation of the Wetland Fish Index to assess the quality of coastal wetlands in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 63: 354-366

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Chow-Fraser, P. 2006 Development of the Water Quality Index (WQI) to assess effects of basin-wide land-use alteration on coastal marshes of the Laurentian Great Lakes Coastal wetlands of the Laurentian Great Lakes: health, habitat and indicators (Simon, T.P. and Stewart, P.M Eds.)

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Gillis, P.L., Chow-Fraser P., Ranville J.F., Ross P.E., and Wood, C.M. 2005 Daphnia need to be gut cleared too: The effect of exposure to and ingestion of metal-contaminated sediment on the gut clearance patterns in D. magna. Aquatic Toxicology 71: 143-154.

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Wescoat, J., Chow-Fraser, P., Hartford, D., Keough, J.R., Maguire, L.A., Mackarewicz, J. McKinney, D.C., Moreau, D., Simonovic, S., and Zielinski, A. 2005 Review of the Lake Ontario - St. Lawrence River Studies National Academies Press. Washington, DC. 116 pp

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International Association of Great Lakes Research 2005 Anderson-Everett Award recipient - Dr. Pat Chow-Fraser Journal of Great Lakes Research. 31: 565

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Chow-Fraser, P. 2005 Ecosystem response to changes in water level of Lake Ontario marshes: lessons from the restoration of Cootes Paradise Marsh Hydrobiologia 539:189-204

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Kelton, N., Chow-Fraser, P. 2005 A simplified assessment of factors controlling phosphorus loading from oxygenated sediments in a very shallow eutrophic lake Lake and Reservoir Management 21(3):223-230

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Wei, A., Chow-Fraser, P. 2005 Untangling the confounding effects of urbanization and high water level on the cover of emergent vegetation in Cootes Paradise Marsh, a degraded coastal wetland of Lake Ontario Hydrobiologia 544:1-9

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Farmer, B., Chow-Fraser, P. 2004 A conceptual model of Muskellunge spawning habitat Undergraduate research thesis

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Wei, A., Chow-Fraser, P., and Albert, D. 2004 Influence of shoreline features on fish distribution in the Laurentian Great Lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci.

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Kelton, N., Chow-Fraser, P., and Jordan, I. 2004 Relationship Between Sediment Phosphorus Release Rates and Characteristics of the Benthic Microbial Community in a Hypereutrophic Marsh. Aquatic Ecosystem Health and Management. 7(1): 31-41.

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Lougheed, V.L., Theÿsmeÿer, T., Smith, T., and Chow-Fraser, P. 2004 Carp exclusion, food-web interactions, and the restoration of Cootes Paradise Marsh. J. Great Lakes Res. 30 (1): 44-57.

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Lougheed, V.L., and Chow-Fraser, P. 2004 The distribution of zooplankton in coastal wetland complexes of Lake Erie: association with macrophytes and water quality. Proceedings of the Lake Erie Millenium Workshop, Windsor, ON, April 26-28, 1999.

Lougheed, V.L., Theysmeyer, T., Smith, T., Chow-Fraser, P. 2003 Carp exclusion, food-web interactions and the restoration of Cootes Paradise Marsh. Journal of Great Lakes Research

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Angeler, D.G., Chow-Fraser, P., Hanson, M.A., Sanchez-Carillo, S., and Zimmer, K.D. 2003 Biomanipulation: a useful tool for freshwater wetland mitigation. Freshwater Biology. 48: 2203-2213.

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Eyles, N., Doughty, M., Boyce, J.I., Meriano, M. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2003. Geophysical and sedimentological assessment of urban impacts in a Lake Ontario watershed and lagoon: Frenchman’s Bay, Pickering, Ontario. Geoscience Canada. 30: 115-128.

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McNair, S.A. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2003. Change in biomass of benthic and planktonic algae along a disturbance gradient for 24 Great Lakes coastal wetlands. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 60: 676-689.

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Lougheed, V.L. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2002. Development and use of a zooplankton index to monitor wetland quality in the Laurentian Great Lakes basin. Ecological Applications. 12(2):474-486.

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Lougheed, V.L., and Chow-Fraser, P. 2001. Spatial variability in the response of lower trophic levels after carp exclusion from a freshwater marsh. J. Aquat. Ecosyst. Stress Recov. 9: 21-34.

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Lougheed, V.L., Crosbie, B. and Chow-Fraser, P. 2001. Primary determinants of macrophyte community structure in 62 marshes across the Great Lakes basin. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 58: 1603-1612.

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Chow-Fraser, P. 1999. Seasonal, interannual and spatial variability in the concentrations of total suspended solids in a degraded coastal wetland of L. Ontario. J. Great Lakes Res. 25: 799-813.

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Crosbie, B. and Chow-Fraser, P. 1999. Percent land use in the watershed determines the water- and sediment-quality of 21 wetlands in the Great Lakes basin. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 56: 1781-1791.

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Kirkwood, A., P. Chow-Fraser and G. Mierle. 1999. Seasonal mercury levels in phytoplankton and their relationship with algal biomass in two dystrophic Shield lakes. Env. Tox. Chem. 18: 523-532.

Chow-Fraser, P. and Albert, D. 1998. Identification of Eco-Reaches of Great Lakes Coastal Wetlands that have high biodiversity values. Discussion paper for SOLEC ’98. Env Canada-USEPA Pub.

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Chow-Fraser, P., Lougheed, V.L., Crosbie, B., LeThiec, V., Simser, L., and Lord, J. 1998. Long-term response of the biotic community to fluctuating water levels and changes in water quality in Cootes Paradise Marsh, a degraded coastal wetland of L. Ontario. Wetland Ecol. Manage. 6: 19-42.

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Chow-Fraser, P. 1998. A conceptual ecological model to aid restoration of Cootes Paradise Marsh, a degraded coastal wetland of L. Ontario, Canada. Wetland Ecol. Manage. 6: 43-57.

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Lougheed, V.L., B. Crosbie and P. Chow-Fraser. 1998. Predictions on the effect of carp exclusion on water quality, zooplankton and submergent macropytes in a Great Lakes wetland. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55: 1189-1197.

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Lougheed, V.L. and P. Chow-Fraser. 1998. Factors that regulate the community structure of a turbid, hypereutrophic Great Lakes wetland. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 55: 150-161.

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Chow-Fraser, P. , B. Crosbie, D. Bryant and B. McCarry. 1996. Potential contribution of nutrients and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons from the creeks of Cootes Paradise Marsh. Water Qual. Res. Journal Can. 31(3): 485-503.

Campbell, L. and P. Chow-Fraser. 1995. Differential effects of chemical preservatives and freezing on the length and dry weight of Daphnia and Diaptomus in an oligotrophic lake. Archiv. Hydrobiol. 134: 255-269.

Chow-Fraser, P., D.O. Trew, D. Findlay and M. Stainton. 1994. A test of hypotheses to explain the sigmoidal relationship between total phosphorus and chlorophyll a concentration in Canadian lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 51: 2052-2065.

Chow-Fraser, P. and W.G. Sprules. 1992. Type-3 functional response in limnetic suspension-feeders as demonstrated by in situ grazing rates. Hydrobiologia 232: 175-192.

Chow-Fraser, P. and E. J. Maly. 1992. Co-existence of two freshwater copepods in lakes through size divergence and diet partitioning. Can. J. Zool. 70: 1016-1028.

Chow-Fraser, P. and E.J. Maly. 1991. Factors governing clutch size in two speceis of Diaptomus (Copepoda: Calanoida). Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48: 364-370.

Chow-Fraser, P. 1991. Use of the morphoedaphic index to predict nutrient status and algal biomass in some Canadian lakes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 48: 1909-1918.

Chow-Fraser, P. and E.J. Maly. 1988. Aspects of mating, reproduction and co-occurrence in three freshwater calanoid copepods. Freshwater Biology 19: 95-108.

Chow-Fraser, P. and H.C. Duthie. 1987. Response of the phytoplankton community to weekly additions of monoammonium phosphate. Archiv. Hydrobiol. 110(1): 67-82.

Chow-Fraser, P. and W.G. Sprules. 1986. Inhibitory effect of Anabaena sp. on in situ filtering rate of Daphnia. Can. J. Zool. 64: 1831-1834.

Chow-Fraser, P. 1986. The effect of handling and acclimation period on the grazing rate of Daphnia and Diaptomus. Hydrobiologia 137: 203-210.

Chow-Fraser, P. 1986. Dietary change during development in the freshwater calanoid copepod Epischura lacustris Forbes. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 43: 938-944.

Chow-Fraser, P. 1986. An empirical model to predict in situ grazing rate of Diaptomus minutus Lilljeborg on small algal particles. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 43: 1065-1070.

Chow-Fraser, P. and R. Knoechel. 1985. Factors regulating in situ filtering rates of Cladocera. Can. J. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 42: 567-576.

Chow-Fraser, P. and C.K. Wong. 1985. Herbivorous feeding of three large calanoid copepods. Verh. Internat. ver. Limnol. 22: 3195-3198.

Wong, C.K. and P. Chow-Fraser. 1985. The food of three large freshwater calanoid copepods. Verh. Internat. ver. Limnol. 22: 3190-3194.

This site is copyright Dr. Patricia Chow-Fraser. McMaster University